Haplogroup R and its descendants are distributed all over Europe, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Near East, the Indian Subcontinent, Oceania and the Americas.

The basal R* clade is found among the Socotri (1.2%), as well as in Northeast Africa (1.5%), the Middle East (0.8%), the Near East (0.8%), and the Arabian peninsula (0.3%).  

Haplogroup R
R0 or pre-HV

R0a or (preHV) 1: Occurs commonly in the Arabian peninsula, with its highest frequency observed among the Socotri.  Moderate frequencies found in North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and Central Asia.
HV: It is a west Eurasian haplogroup mainly found throughout the Middle East, including Iran.  It is also found in North Africa, Central Asia and South Asia.
V: Found at moderately low frequencies around Europe; the highest frequency is in the Sami people 40%
HV1: Mainly in the Middle East.
HV2: Mainly in South Asia
HV3: Mainly in Eastern Europe.
H: In West Eurasia. It is the most common mtDNA haplogroup in Europe.
R1* (16278): In Kurdish from Turkmenistan (9%).
R1a* (3337): Found in Brahmins from Uttar Pradesh (India).[5] Also in Adygei people (Caucasus).
R1a1: Found in Northwest Caucasian people like Kabardins and Adygei people. Observed in eastern European populations like northwestern Russians and Poles.
pre-JT or R2'JT
R2: Found mainly in Balochistan (Pakistan).
(13500): Found in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh (India).
(150, 303+1C): In Iran, Georgia and Turkey.
J: The highest frequency is in the Near East (12%), 21% in Saudi Arabia. J declines towards Europe at 11%, Caucasus 8%, North Africa 6% and becomes practically missing in East Asia. 
T: The highest frequency is in the Caspian region (Caucasus, Northern Iran, Turkmenistan). It is important in Europe (almost 10%), Middle East, Central Asia, Pakistan and North Africa. Small frequency in the Horn of Africa and India.
R3: Found in Armenia.
R5: Widely spread in the Indian subcontinent. Specially in Madhya Pradesh (India) at 17%.
R5a1: Found within the Indo-European speaking populations of India.
R5a2: Specially among Dravidic groups of India and Sri Lanka.
R6'7 (16362) The most important presence is among Austroasiatic language-speakers from India (10%).  
R6: Small frequencies in India and Pakistan.
R7: In the Indian subcontinent .
R7a: Mainly in East India, specially in Santals from Bihar and Jharkhand.
R7b: Specially in Dravidian tribes of East India.
R8: The highest frequency occurs towards East India, especially within Orissa (12%), and it is found among the Austroasiatic tribes (Munda speakers). It is also present in low frequency among the Dravidian and Indo-European speaking family
R8a: Found mainly in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh (India).
R8b: In Orissa, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh (India).
R9 (16304)
R9b: It appears mostly in Southeast Asia. Found all over Indonesia, in Indochina, Malaysia, in Aboriginal Malays like Semelai at 28% and Temuan 21%.
R9c: All over the Malay Archipelago and Taiwan. Mainly in Batak (Palawan) at 58% [21] and Alor (Indonesia) at 11%.
F: Fairly common in East Asia and Southeast Asia. Higher frequencies occur in some areas like Nicobar at 50% and Arunachal Pradesh 31% (India), and Shors people from Siberia at 44%.  There is also an important frequency in Taiwanese aborigines, Guangdong (China), Maluku (Indonesia), Thailand and Vietnam.
R11'B (16189)
R11: Found in China, mainly in Lahu people from Yunnan at 12.5%  Also in Japan and Rajasthan (India).
B4: It is found often in East Asia, Southeast Asia, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Madagascar and Indigenous peoples of the Americas.
B5: Spread in East Asia and Southeast Asia.
R24: Found in Philippines.
R12: Found in Australia.
R21: In indigenous peoples of Malaysia like Jahai Negritos at 63% and Senoi 37%.
R14: Found in Papua New Guinea and in Austronesian speakers of East Timor and Lembata.
R22 or R12: Very frequent in the Shompen (10/29 = 34.5%).[29] Elsewhere found mainly in south-central Indonesia (11.4% Mataram, 8.0% Waingapu, 7.3% Bali, 1.9% Borneo) and in Cham of Bình Thuận, Vietnam (7/168 = 4.2%), with singleton or sporadic occurrences in Thailand, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and Alor.
R23: Small clade found in Bali and Sumba (Indonesia).
R30a: Found in Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh (India), in the Tharu people from Nepal and Sinhalese people from Sri Lanka.
R30b: Found in Punjab.
R30* (1598, 16189): Found in Punjab, Nepal and Japan.
R31a: In Brahmins from Uttar Pradesh and Rajputs from Rajasthan (India).
R31b: In Reddys from Andhra Pradesh (India).
P: It is characteristic of Sahul. Found in Philippines and East Indonesia.
P1: Widespread in Melanesia. Higher frequencies occur in Papua New Guinea.  Also found in Maluku, Nusa Tenggara and Polynesia.
P2: In Melanesia,[32] specially in New Guinea and New Caledonia.
P10: Found in Philippines.
P9 (or AuE): In Aboriginal Australians from the central region.
P3: In Australia and Melanesia.
P4: In Australia and Melanesia.
U1: It appears mostly in the Middle East and Caucasus. Found from India to the Mediterranean and to the rest of Europe.
U5: Approximately 11% of total Europeans and 10% of European-Americans. The highest frequency is in the Sami people.
U6: It is common in North Africa and the Horn of Africa, especially in the Maghreb.  Highest frequencies of the subclade occur among Algerian Berbers (29%)  and Egyptian Copts (27.6%).  U6 has also been found among Iberomaurusian specimens dating from the Epipaleolithic at the Taforalt prehistoric site.
U2'3'4'7'8'9 (1811): Widely spread in West Eurasia and the Indian subcontinent.


rs590787 encodes a SNP that determines Rh (Rhesus) blood group (D antigen) status. Someone who is "Rh positive" or "Rh+" has at least one + allele, i.e. rs590787(T), but could have two. Someone who is "Rh negative" always has two - alleles and is rs590787